Activities that attempt to lessen the impacts of a disaster. The impacts include the damage to property and the effect of the disaster on the individual, family, business, and community as a whole.
Example: Not building in a flood plain. To see if your location is in an established flood plain, enter your address into FEMA's Flood Map portal.
Actions taken to plan, organize, train, and equip response activities. Preparedness is a continuous process of evaluating and improving a community's ability to prevent and protect (mitigate), respond to, and recover from disaster.
Actions that are taken during or immediately following a disaster or emergency. These actions include the mobilization of emergency services, first responders, and activation of the Emergency Operations Center when necessary.
Activities that continue beyond the initial disaster response phase. Recovery focuses on restoring critical community functions to normal and managing reconstruction. Rebuilding efforts include mitigation practices to reduce risk for the future.