West Nile Virus is a disease that is spread by the bite of a mosquito. Mosquitoes become infected when they feed on the blood from infected birds. The infected mosquitoes can then transmit West Nile Virus to humans and animals. West Nile Virus disease can vary in severity. People 50 years of age and older have the highest risk of severe disease.
- Severe West Nile (Neuroinvasive Disease) infections can cause neurologic complications such as encephalitis. Symptoms include headache, high fever, neck stiffness, stupor, disorientation, coma, tremors, convulsions, muscle weakness, and paralysis. It is estimated that approximately 1 in 150 persons infected with the West Nile Virus will develop a more severe form of disease.
- West Nile Fever - It is estimated that about 20% of people who become infected with West Nile Virus will develop West Nile Fever. Symptoms include fever, headache, tiredness, and body aches. Occasionally a skin rash on the trunk of the body and swollen lymph glands will occur. While the illness may last only a few days, even healthy people have reported being sick for several weeks.
Mosquito season in Dallas County typically runs from May to October, with peak activity in August. Residents should be on heightened alert during these months.
What You Can Do To Protect Yourself
- Get rid of old tires, tin cans, bottles, buckets, drums and other containers in your yard or keep them empty of standing water
- Empty wading pools frequently and store them indoors when not in use
- Keep in-ground pools clean and functioning
- Repair leaky pipes and outside faucets
- Replace your outdoor lights with yellow "bug" lights
- Change water in bird baths and scrub them twice a week
- If you have outside pets, empty their watering dishes daily
- Clean clogged roof gutters and drain flat roofs
- Treat standing water that cannot be drained with Bacillus Thuringiensis Israelensis (BTI), which is a larvicide available at most home and garden stores
- Make sure window and door screens are "bug tight"
- When possible, remain indoors at dusk and dawn, when mosquitoes are most active
- When outdoors, wear protective clothing, or use insect repellent with the active ingredient DEET to avoid exposure to mosquitoes. Always read instructions before using insect repellent or other chemicals
- Take a virtual tour of a home with potential mosquito breeding sites.
For more information on West Nile Virus or mosquito breeding habitat reduction, please contact Sachse Environmental Health Services at 469.429.4788. You may also contact the Dallas County Health and Human Services at 214.819.2115.
Zika Virus is transmitted to people by mosquitoes. The most common symptoms of Zika virus are fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis (red eyes). The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting several days to a week. Severe disease requiring hospitalization is uncommon. Deaths are rare. Zika virus is spread to people primarily through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. A mother already infected with Zika virus near the time of delivery can pass on the virus to her newborn around the time of birth. It is possible that Zika virus could be passed from mother to fetus during pregnancy.
To learn more about the Zika Virus please visit:
Ebola is transmitted through direct contact with bodily fluids. Casual contact with even an infected person who is not symptomatic does not spread the virus. Detailed information can be found on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website and the Texas Department of Health website.
The City of Sachse entered into an Interlocal Agreement with the City of Garland Health Department as well as Dallas County Health Department to make available to the citizens of Sachse all immunizations and well child services offered to the residents of Garland at the same fees as required of Garland residents. This includes students who attend Garland ISD and Wylie ISD schools, as long as the students are residents of Sachse.
Influenza (the flu) is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses. It can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead to death. Older people, young children, and people with certain health conditions are at higher risk for serious flu complications.
Yearly vaccination is the best protection against contracting the flu. Visit Flu.gov to learn more about seasonal flu vaccines.
Walgreen's (in Sachse) and CVS (on Highway 78 at Murphy Road) both offer the flu shot as well as several of the urgent care clinics.
There are four different antiviral drugs that are licensed for use in the U.S. for the treatment of influenza:
- Oseltamivir (Tamiflu)
- Zanamivir (Relenza)
In treatment, antiviral drugs work best if started as soon after getting sick as possible, and might not work if started more than 48 hours after illness starts. When used to prevent the flu, antiviral drugs are about 70% to 90% effective.
- Garland Public Health Clinic
- Steps you can take to stay healthy
- General Information About the Flu